Telangana government has introduced the Japanese Miyawaki method of afforestation to grow urban forests and expand the green cover as well as to meet the stipulated plantation target under the Telanganaku Haritha Haaram (TKHH).
Miyawaki is a Japanese technique introduced by Japanese botanist Akira Miyawaki, that helps build dense, native forests in a short time. Miyawaki method helps to create a forest in just 20 to 30 years, while through conventional methods takes anywhere between 200 to 300 years.
It has revolutionised the concept of urban afforestation by turning backyards into mini-forests.This method includes planting trees, only native species, as close as possible in the same area
The approach ensures that plant growth is 10 times faster and the resulting plantation is 30 times denser than usual. Miyawaki method helps to create a forest in just 20 to 30 years, while through conventional methods takes anywhere between 200 to 300 years.
The native trees of the region are identified and divided into four layers namely shrub, sub-tree, tree, and canopy. The quality of soil is analysed water retention capacity, and nutrients in it, is mixed with it.
A mound is built with the soil and the seeds are planted at a very high density three to five sapling per square meter. The ground should be covered with a thick layer of mulch.
These tress lack some qualities of natural forests, such as medicinal properties and the ability to bring rain. Such fast-growing plantations can be used for wood lots, recreational uses like bird watching, bushwalking, and wildflower appreciation.
Several environmentalists have accelerates the growth of trees as it is not a good idea to force plants to photosynthesize fast.
Telangana Ku Haritha Haram (TKHH):
Telangana Ku Haritha Haram or Haritha Haram was launched by Chief Minister Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao on July 2015.
TKHH is a large-scale tree-planting program implemented by the Government of Telangana.
The plan aimed to increase the amount of tree cover in the state from 24% to 33%. The State has allocated Rs.5500 crores of its budget for the project.
The flagship programmes aims to rejuvenate degraded forests, protecting these forests from threats such as smuggling, encroachment, fire and grazing.